Horák, Slavomír: Dependent
Independence of Central Asia. Why Central Asia Must Depend on External Forces?
In: Russia and Its Neighbours (Švec,
L., ed.). Karolinum, Praha,
2007, s. 155-172.
The article is aimed at the
dynamics of dependence of Central Asia on Russia. It maps the development of Russia’s approach towards Central
Asia and growing dependency of the region in 19th
century as well as the Russian/Soviet legacy in the region. Comparing these two
historical periods one can conclude that Russia’s supremacy over the region
became a incentive. The influence of Russia/USSR had
necessary modernizing effect in economical, political as well as humanitarian
spheres. However, the methods of such penetration were often very artificial
and even brutal. This modernizing potential ran out after the communist system
stagnation and culminated with the USSR dissolution.
However, withdrawal of Russia from Central Asia
after 1991 did not mean the regress of Russian influence in the region. On the
contrary, the Newly Independent States were involved in the dependency on Russia
more than they wished. Despite growing, but steady regression of Russian position
in Central Asia, Russia
stay and will stay one of the main actors on this territory. Considering the
cultural and linguistic situation in Central Asia, Russia still plays the role of
cultural and economic mediator of any potential modernization.